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Brain Injury Results
There are several different results of brain injuries which depend on the severity of the injury. When one has sustained a blow to the head, the person may suffer a break in the skull, also known as a skull fracture. Skull fractures can be linear (a break in the skull that follows a straight line), depressed (skull fractures inflicted by impact from blunt objects which cause dents in the skull bone) or basilar (a fracture of the bones from the base of the skull).
Brain injury patients may also sustain intracranial (inside the skull) hemorrhage (bleeding). There are four different types of intracranial hemorrhages: subdural hematoma, epidural hematoma, subarachnoid hemorrhage and intraparenchymal hemorrhage.
Subdural hematoma is any bleeding between the dura mater (a layer of tissue between the skull and brain) and the brain itself. A hematoma is a blood clot. Because subdural hematomas can be the result of minor head injuries, they can go undetected until the patient experiences neurological abnormalities. The injured patient can experience dizziness, problems balancing and slurred speech, but these may not appear until days or even weeks after the initial trauma. Subdural hematomas can also be the result of major head trauma or brain aneurysms, the bursting of a blood vessel in the brain.
Epidural hematoma is when blood accumulates between the dura mater and the skull. This causes the brain to swell which can affect one’s speech, her ability to open her eyes and may cause her to lose consciousness or breathe irregularly. The common causes of epidural hematoma are blows to the head (such as injuries from motor vehicle collisions or assault) or falls.
A subarachnoid hemorrhage is bleeding into the surface of the brain. It can cause symptoms such as headache, stiff neck, weakness in one side of your body, speech disturbance, numbness, tingling and vomiting. Treatment often does not require surgery, but instead requires careful monitoring for a change in symptoms.
Intraparenchymal hemorrhage, also known as cerebral contusion, is when the trauma causes bleeding into the brain. A contusion is a bruise to the brain tissue. In most cases, intraparenchymal hemorrhaging does not cause any serious brain injury. In rare, more serious cases, the brain may swell.
Contact York Law Firm
If you or someone you love has suffered a brain injury as a result of a car crash or because of another party’s negligence, recklessness or their deliberately wrongful actions, the victim may be eligible to receive compensation for his or her resulting injuries and medical costs. The attorneys at York Law Firm are dedicated to helping head injury victims obtain the compensation to which they are entitled. Contact one of our experienced brain injury attorneys today.