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Types of Brain Injuries

The brain acts as an information highway, delivering messages from the brain to different parts of your body.  When someone experiences a brain injury, however, the brain functions are disrupted.  What someone used to be able to perform with ease may now be more difficult or even impossible to carry out.

In order to understand brain injuries, it is important to understand the terminology associated with brain injuries.  A brain injury is defined as any insult to the brain.  Acquired brain injury is a form of brain injury that is not present before birth but is rather acquired at birth or later in life, usually the result of trauma.  It typically results from internal brain damage and affects physical, social, emotional or cognitive functioning.  Brain injury can either be a closed head injury – where there is a non-penetrating injury to the brain and no break in the skull – or an opened head injury – when there is a break in the skull.

A coup or contracoup injury is a common injury among motor vehicle accident patients.  A coup injury occurs when there is a sudden, violent stop that causes the brain to hit the side of the skull.  Countracoup injuries also occurs when there’s an unexpected stop that causes the brain to hit off one side of the skull, and then bounce off the other side of the skull.  Brain damage occurs in both cases because the brain rubs against the inner ridges of the skull.

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is defined as sudden physical damage to the brain.  The force causes the brain to collide with the skull and is usually the result of a blow to the head.  Both coup and contracoup injuries are considered traumatic brain injuries and they often result from a sudden violent stop as a result of a motor vehicle accident.  Unfortunately, TBIs are extremely common, roughly 1.5 to 2 million Americans every year suffer a traumatic brain injury.

Contact York Law Firm

If you or someone you love has suffered a brain injury, you need to enlist the services of an experienced brain injury attorney.  Wendy C. York and her experienced legal team offers unparalleled legal services to their clients, and can help you obtain the compensation you deserve.  Contact us today for a free case evaluation.

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