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Anatomy of Spinal Cord Injury
It is important to understand the basic anatomy of the spinal cord to truly understand what can happen as a result of a spinal cord injury.
The spine is the main support of the body and allows one to stand, twist and bend. The spinal column is made up of 33 bones called vertebrae stacked on top of each other to protect the spinal cord, which runs in between the vertebrae. The vertebrae has five sections: cervical vertebrae located in the neck, thoracic vertebrae located in the upper back, lumber vertebrae located in the lower back, sacral vertebrae located in the hip area and coccygeal vertebrae located in the tailbone.
The spinal cord is also organized in segments. Spinal nerves carry information to and from the segments in the spinal cord. The segments are: the cervical spinal nerves which control signals to the back of the head, neck and shoulders, arms and hands, and diaphragm; thoracic spinal nerves which control signals to chest muscles, parts of the abdomen, and some muscles in the back; lumbar spinal nerves which control signals to the lower parts of the abdomen and back, buttocks, some of the genital organs and parts of the leg; and the sacral spinal nerves which controls signals to the lower parts of the legs, the thighs, the feet, most of the genital organs and the area around the anus.
The spinal cord itself is part of the central nervous system along with the brain and is located immediately below the brain stem. The spinal cord is made up of tissues containing nerve cells and is surrounded by nerve fibers. The primary function of the spinal cord is to carry information from the outer elements of the body (your muscles, ligaments, joints and skin) to the brain.
As you can see, the spinal cord plays an integral role in your ability to process information. The primary function of the spinal cord is to act as a nerve highway, relaying information from your brain to other parts of your body. Without it, your brain and body would be unable to communicate with each other. For these reasons, an injury to the spinal cord, including bulging or herniated discs, are devastating and life changing.
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The attorneys at York Law Firm are dedicated to helping victims of spinal cord injuries obtain the compensation they deserve. We fight to make sure that the responsible parties are held accountable for their actions.